Things you may not have known about wine
LODI, N.Y. (WENY) -- When visiting a winery you may be used to trying out different wines or enjoying the wonderful views but little did you know the history behind the wine glasses and bottles themselves.
John Pulos is a wine educator at Wagner Vineyards Estate Winery. Him and his winery take pride in not only serving wine but giving a rich history behind it. When you go to visit a winery you may notice that the type of glass you receive is based on the type of wine you have selected. This is due to the glass's exposure of oxygen.
"When you first open a bottle of wine people call it breathing and the different opening in this red wine glass is the red wine has tannin, the red wine is a little bit different than a white wine, you pour a little bit in the glass and you oxidize it and you get a nose on it and it is a little different than drinking a white wine that has no tannin;" says wine educator, John Pulos.
Glass was first used to bottle wines in the 17th century, with many early bottles coming in many different shapes and sizes. There are three regions famous for making wine known as Burgundy, Bordeaux, and the Alsace Mosel. Around 1850 the Burgundy region of France introduced a uniform bottle for the wines of their region, famous for two popular wines we know and love today.
"The easiest bottle to make at the time was a slopped bottle, bottle machines were created in 1821, and so a uniform bottle was possible and the burgundy region was the first. Pinot Noir and Chardonnay are both from the Burgundy region, they share the same shape and size bottle;" says Pulos.
The last of the three great wine bottles is called the Alsace Mosel bottle. It's height compared to the other bottles comes from its different mean of transportation.
These bottles travel on ships, big sailing ships, lots of room on the bottom, these bottles travel on the Rhine river, they didn't have the storage on a riverboat that a sailing ship did so they made them much taller and thinner so they could fit in front of the ship;" Pulos says.
When glassblowers make glass bottles they use a device called a pontil rod. During the glass making process they cut the bottle from the pontil, creating a bump on the bottom of the bottle, which eventually became known as a punt resulting in the bottle not being able to sit flat.
"What they began doing is pushing the bottom of the bottle in a little bit and it became called a punt, and they found out, especially with the Bordeaux bottles that did mostly red wine that the particles in these early days that weren't filtered like today would gather around the punt, so when you poured wine out a lot of it would be stopped by the punt and the shoulders of the Bourdeax bottle, as time went on the punts got even bigger, today they are not needed, today they're much flatter bottles;" says Pulos.
John recently wrote a book called "Looking at Wine Through a Different Window" where he discusses through a great deal of research, more history of about wine in general.
Wagner Vineyards Estate Winery is open daily from 10 AM to 5 PM. To make a tasting reservation click here.